ANALISIS DOMAIN FUNGSI KOGNITIF LANSIA DENGAN DEMENSIA MELALUI REMINISCENCE THERAPY DI PANTI WERDHA ANUGERAH TANJUNGPINANG

Nur Meity Sulistia Ayu, Devy Kurniaty

Abstract

Reminiscence therapy is used for the elderly who experience dementia, cognitive impairment,
loneliness, and psychological recovery. This study aims to determine the effect of reminiscence
therapy on cognitive function improvement in elderly with dementia in the Tanjungpinang
Health Center area. The research is a quasi-experiment with the design of the pre-test posttest
without control design. The independent variable is an intervention in the form of
Reminiscence Therapy, while the dependent variable is the domain of an elderly cognitive
function. The population was all elderly in the Tanjungpinang Community Health Center area,
sampling using a total sampling technique of 25 respondents. The results of the univariate
analysis showed that the majority of the elderly were 19 people (76%) and 45-47 years old
were 15 people (60%) and the primary education level was 15 people (60%). Before cognitive
level Reminiscence therapy most respondents experienced mild cognitive impairment as many
as 16 people (64%), but after being given Reminiscence therapy increased to normal cognitive
function as many as 20 people (80%). Analysis of the effect test using the Wilcoxon test showed
that p-value = 0.002 <α = 0.05) which means that there is a very significant effect of
Reminiscence therapy on improving cognitive function in the elderly with dementia.

 

ABSTRAK

 

Terapi Reminiscence digunakan untuk lansia yang mengalami dimensia, gangguan kognitif,
kesepian dan pemulihan psikologis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi
Reminiscence terhadap peningkatan fungsi kognitif pada lansia dengan demensia di wilayah
Puskesmas Tanjungpinang. Penelitian merupakan quasy experiment dengan desain pre test
post test without control design. Variabel independen adalah intervensi berupa Reminiscence
Therapy, sedangkan variabel dependen adalah domain fungsi kognitif lansia. Populasi adalah
seluruh lansia di wilayah Puskesmas Tanjungpinang, sampling menggunakan teknik total
sampling sebanyak 25 responden. Hasil uji analisis univariat menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas
lansia adalah perempuan berjumlah 19 orang (76%) dan berumur 45-47 tahun berjumlah 15
orang (60%) serta tingkat pendidikan sekolah dasar yaitu 15 orang (60%). Sebelum terapi
Reminiscence tingkat kognitif sebagian besar responden mengalami gangguan kognitif ringan
sebanyak 16 orang (64%), namun setelah diberikan terapi Reminiscence mengalami
peningkatan menjadi fungsi kognitif normal sebanyak 20 orang (80%). Analisis uji pengaruh
menggunakan uji wilcoxon menunjukkan bahwa p value = 0,002 < α = 0,05) yang berarti
adanya pengaruh yang sangat signifikan terapi Reminiscence terhadap peningkatan fungsi
kognitif lansia dengan demensia.

Keywords

Elderly; Reminiscence Therapy; Elderly Cognitive Function; Elderly Home; Lansia; Reminiscence Therapy; Fungsi Kognitif Lansia; Panti Werdha

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